(Semester 1-B.Inggris) TOEFL-Grammar2017

19 min read




Skill 1 Subject-Verb

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. My best friend always helpful with problems.
___ 2. The bus schedule has changed since last week.
___ 3. Accidentally dropped the glass on the floor.
___ 4. The customer paying the clerk for the clothes.
___ 5. The professor handed the syllabus to the students.
___ 6. Each day practiced the piano for hours.
___ 7. The basketball player tossed the ball into the hoop.
___ 8. The new student in the class very talkative and friendly.
___ 9. Walking with the children to school.
___ 10. The whales headed south for the winter.


Skill 2 Object of Presposition

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. The name of the baby in the crib is Jack.
___ 2. By the next meeting of the class need to turn in the papers.
___ 3. The directions to the exercise on page twenty unclear.
___ 4. Because of the heavy rain throughout the night, the walkways are muddy.
___ 5. During the week eat lunch in the school cafeteria.
___ 6. In the morning after the concert was tired.
___ 7. In the summer the trip to the mountains is our favorite trip.
___ 8. In a box on the top shelf of the cabinet in the hallway of the house.
___ 9. With her purse in her hand ran through the door.
___ 10. At 1:00 in the morning the alarm clock on the table beside the bed rang.


Skills (1-2)

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. During the meeting in the office discussed the schedule.
___ 2. The doctor gave the patient a prescription.
___ 3. The tall evergreen trees along the road.
___ 4. The watch in the jewelry box needs a new battery.
___ 5. Pleasantly greets everyone in all the offices every morning.
___ 6. In the office of the building across the street from the park on the corner.
___ 7. The dishes in the sink really need to be washed as soon as possible.
___ 8. In a moment of worry about the problem with the cash account.
___ 9. The plane from New York circling the airport.
___ 10. On a regular basis the plants in the boxes under the window in the kitchen are watered and fed.



Choose the correct answer!


1. Mark Twain … the years after the Civil War the “Gilded Age”.
a. Called c. he called
b. Calling d. his calls




2. Early … toes instead of hooves on their feet.
a. Horses c. horses had
b. had horses d. horses having


3. … grow close to the ground in the short Arctic summer.
a. Above tundra plants c. Tundra plants are found
b. Tundra plants d. For tundra plants


4. In 1867, … Alaska from the Russians for $7.2 millions.
a. purchased the United States c. the United States’ purchase of
b. to purchase the United States d. the United States purchased


5. Between 1725 and 1750, New England witnessed an increase in the specialization of …
a. Occupations c. they occupied
b. Occupies d. it occupied them


6. The large carotid artery … to the main parts of the brain.
a. carrying blood c. blood is carried
b. carries blood d. blood carries


7. … radio as the first practical system of wireless telegraphy.
a. Marconi’s development c. Developing Marconi
b. The development by Marconi d. Marconi developed


8. In 1975, the first successful space probe to … beginning to send information back to Earth.
a. Venus c. Venus was
b. Venus the d. Venus it was


9. The two biggest resort … Alabama are Hot Springs and Eureka Springs.
a. in c. towns are
b. towns in d. towns are in


10. NASA’s Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center … control center for the Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo space flights.
a. it was at the c. was the
b. it was the d. the


Skill 3 Present Participles

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. The crying baby needs to be picked up.
___ 2. The clothes are lying on the floor should go into the washing machine.
___ 3. The waitress bringing the steaming soup to the waiting diners.
___ 4. Most of the striking workers are walking the picket line.
___ 5. For her birthday, the child is getting a talking doll.
___ 6. The setting sun creating a rainbow of colors in the sky.
___ 7. The ship is sailing to Mexico is leaving tonight.
___ 8. The letters needing immediate answers are on the desk.
___ 9. The boring class just ending a few minutes ago.
___ 10. The fast‑moving clouds are bringing freezing rain to the area.


Skill 4 Past Participles

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. The food is served in this restaurant is delicious.
___ 2. The plane landed on the deserted runway.
___ 3. The unexpected guests arrived just at dinnertime.
___ 4. The courses are listed in the catalogue are required courses.
___ 5. The teacher found the lost exam.
___ 6. The small apartment very crowded and disorganized.
___ 7. The photographs developed yesterday showed Sam and his friends.
___ 8. The locked drawer contained the unworn jewels.
___ 9. The tree was blown over in the storm was cut into logs.
___ 10. The students registered in this course are listed on that sheet of paper.


Skills (3-4)

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. Our hosts are serving drinks on the tiled patio.
___ 2. The tired woman taking a much needed nap.
___ 3. The letters were sent on Monday arrived on Wednesday.
___ 4. The winners deserved the big prize.
___ 5. The plants are growing in the garden need a lot of water.
___ 6. The shining stars lit up the darkened sky.
___ 7. The driver rapidly increased the speed of the racing car.
___ 8. The excited children trying to build a snowman in the falling snow.
___ 9. The students are completing the course will graduate in July.
___ 10. The dissatisfied customer is returning the broken toaster.



Choose the correct answer!


1. The first … appeared during the last period of the dinosaurs’ reign.
a. flowers are plants c. plants flowers
b. plants have flowers d. flowering plants


2. The earliest medicines … from plants of various sorts.
a. Obtaining c. were obtained
b. they obtained d. they were obtained


3. Simple sails were made from canvas … over a frame.
a. a stretch c. was stretched
b. Stretched d. it was stretched


4. Pluto’s moon Charon … in a slightly elliptical path around the planet.
a. Moving c. it was moving
b. is moving d. in its movement


5. Techniques of breath control form an essential part of any … program to improve the voice.
a. it trains c. Trains
b. Train d. training


6. Robert E. Lee … the Confederate army to General Grant in 1865 at the Appomattox Courthouse.
a. surrendered c. surrendering
b. he surrendered d. surrender


7. The pituitary gland, … the brain, releases hormones to control other glands.
a. found below c. its foundation below
b. it is found below d. finds itself below


8. At around two years of age, many children regularly produce sentences … three or four words.
a. are containing c. contain
b. containing d. Contains


9. Multinational companies … it increasingly important to employ internationally acceptable brand names.
a. Finding c. they find
b. are finding d. they are finding


10. The cornea is located inder the conjunctiva, on … of the eye.
a. the part is exposed c. the exposed part
b. exposed the part d. exposes the part







Choose the correct answer!


1. … first setteled the Hawaiian Islands between A.D. 300 and 750.
a. The Polynesians c. Because of the Polynesians
b. The Polynesians arrived d. It was the Polynesians


2. In 1066, a bright comet … in the air attracted much attention.
a. was appearing c. it appeared
b. Appears d. appearing


3. In some daguerreotype cameras, … through a hole in the back of the box.
a. the object’s view c. from the view of the object
b. the object was viewed d. viewed the object


4. In the Stone Age, stone tools … with other rock materials.
a. Polishing c. for polish
b. they polish d. were polished


5. The first steamship to cross the Atlantic … Savannah, in 1819.
a. was the c. the
b. it was the d. in it the


6. The Earth’s plates meet each other at cracks in the Earth … faults.
a. were called c. called
b. Calls d. it was called


7. The first plant-like organisms probably … in the sea, perhaps three billion years ago.
a. Life c. lived
b. Living d. it was living


8. In male pattern baldness, … strongly influences the degree of hair loss.
a. Heredity c. inherits
b. Inherited d. heredity has


9. In Watch the Skies, Curtis Peebles … attempt to explain America’s belief in flying saucers.
a. makes a fascinating c. fascination with making
b. making a fascinating d. fascination made a


10. The irregular coastline of … a succession of bays and inlets, with the hook of the Cape Cod peninsula in the southeast.
a. Massachusettes c. Massachusettes it is
b. Massachusettes is d. Massachusettes on




Skill 5 Coordinate Connectors

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. The lawn needs water everyday, or it will turn brown.
___ 2. The book was not long, but it difficult to read.
___ 3. It was raining, so decided not to go camping.
___ 4. The material has been cut, and the pieces have been sewn together.
___ 5. The patient took all the medicine, he did not feel much better.
___ 6. The bill must be paid immediately, or the electricity will be turned off.
___ 7. The furnace broke so the house got quite cold.
___ 8. The dress did not cost too much, but the quality it seemed excellent.
___ 9. The leaves kept falling off the trees, and the boys kept raking them up, but the yard was still covered.
___ 10. The postman has already delivered the mail, so the letter is not going to arrive today, it probably will arrive tomorrow.


Skill 6 Adverb Clause Connectors

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. After the plane circled the airport, it landed on the main runway.
___ 2. The registration process took many hours since the lines so long.
___ 3. This type of medicine can be helpful, it can also have some bad effects.
___ 4. The waves were amazingly high when the storm hit the coastal town.
___ 5. We need to get a new car whether is on sale or not.
___ 6. Just as the bread came out of the oven, while a wonderful aroma filled the kitchen.
___ 7. Everyone has spent time unpacking boxes since the family moved into the new house.
___ 8. Although the area is a desert many plants bloom there in the springtime.



___ 9. The drivers on the freeway drove slowly and carefully while the rain was falling heavily because they did not want to have an accident.
___ 10. If you plan carefully before you take a trip, will have a much better time because the small details will not cause problems.


Skills (5-6)

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. The lawyer presented a strong case, but the client was still found guilty.
___ 2. After the children read some stories before they went to bed.
___ 3. The report needed to be completed, the workers stayed late every night for a week.
___ 4. If you do not turn on the lights, you will trip in the dark.
___ 5. A think fog came rolling in, so planes unable to land.
___ 6. All of the shoes are on sale until the current stock is gone.
___ 7. The ship leaving the dock even though some passengers were not onboard.
___ 8. The outline must be turned in to the teachers a week before the paper is due, and must approve it.
___ 9. Because the food was cold when it was served the diners sent it back to the kitchen.
___ 10. You should slow down while you are driving, or the police will pull your car over.




Choose the correct answer!


1. A spacecraft is freed from friction … launched into space.
a. It c. after is
b. it is d. after it is


2. … with their surrounding, or they hide in crevices for protection.
a. Lobsters c. Lobsters blending
b. Lobsters blend d. Because loibsters blend


3. … a ball-and-socket joint, the elbow is a simple hinge joint.
a. While the shoulder c. The shoulder is
b. While the shoulder is d. The shoulder


4. A car has several sections with moving parts, … of those parts is essentials.
a. good lubrication c. and good lubrication
b. well lubricated d. and well lubricated


5. Bears cannot see well … small eyes.
a. bears have c. because they have
b. because having d. because of bears


6. … at the Isthmus of Panama, so animals were able to migrate between North and South America.
a. A land bridge existed c. A land bridge
b. When a land bridge existed d. With a land bridge


7. … mostly made of granite, it also contains some human-made materials.
a. The Empire State Building
b. The Empire State Building is
c. Although the Enpire State Building is
d. Although the Enpire State Building is built


8. Pressure differences make the eardrum vibrate … the ear.
a. enter the sound waves c. sound waves enter
b. as sound waves d. as sound waves enter




9. An optical microscope magnifies as much as 2,000 times, but an electron microscope … as much as a million times.
a. magnifying c. can magnify
b. it magnifies d. magnify it


10. If scientific estimates are accurate, … with the Earth about 20,000 years ago.
a. the Canon Diablo meteorite collided
b. the collision of the Canon Diablo meteorite
c. the Canon Diablo meteorite colliding
d. colliding the Canon Diablo meteorite







Choose the correct answer!


1. … of the Pueblo Indians centered on intensive agriculture.
a. The economic activity c. The economic was active
b. Because the economic activity d. When the economic activity


2. In popular terminology, any long snowstorm with … is called a blizzard.
a. the amount of wind is large c. it is very windy
b. a large amount of wind d. very windy


3. Nuclear power can be produced by fusion, … produced by fission.
a. it can also be c. it can also
b. and it can also be d. and it can also


4. …, igneous rocks may be changed into gneisses.
a. The temperature is high c. High temperature
b. If the temperature is high d. If high temperature


5. In 1905, Henry Flagler … his plans to extend his Florida East Coast railway out across the sea to Key West.
a. it was announced c. the announcement of
b. announcement d. announced


6. The sound … from a vibrating object will be high or low depending on the number of vibration.
a. comes c. is coming
b. it is coming d. coming


7. During the late 1880’s, urban streetcars were electrified through … large motors.
a. they used c. used
b. the use of d. when they used


8. … almost 274 square miles, but 96 percent of the park is under water.
a. Although Biscayne National Park encompasses
b. Biscayne National Park encompasses
c. Biscayne National encompassing
d. Biscayne National Park


9. Legislation … in 1916 and 1917 gave the Wilson administration authority to intervene in the national economy if it proved necessary.
a. it was passed c. passed
b. was passed d. passes


10. Because a family of birds set up housekeeping in Joel Chandler Harris’s mailbox when the birds were in need of a place to stay, … the Wren’s Nest.
a. the home is named c. naming the home
b. so the home is named d. the home’s name





Skill 7 Noun Clause Connectors

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. It is unfortunate that the meal is not ready yet.
___ 2. She told me when should pick her up.
___ 3. The instructor explained where was the computer lab located.
___ 4. We could not believe what he did to us.
___ 5. Do you want to know if it going to rain tomorrow?
___ 6. We never know whether we will get paid or not.
___ 7. This evening you can decide what do you want to do.
___ 8. The manager explained how wanted the work done.
___ 9. The map showed where the party would be held.
___ 10. Can you tell me why was the mail not delivered today?

Skill 8 Noun Clause Connectors/Subjects

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. The teacher heard who answered the questions.
___ 2. I do not understand what it went wrong.
___ 3. Of the three movies, I cannot decide which is the best.
___ 4. She did not remember who in her class.
___ 5. No one is sure what did happen in front of the building.
___ 6. We found out which was her favorite type of candy.
___ 7. Do you know what caused the plants to die?
___ 8. I am not sure which it is the most important course in the program.
___ 9. We thought about who would be the best vice president.
___ 10. She saw what in the box in the closet.


Skills (7-8)

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. It doubtful whether he will pass the test or not.
___ 2. The group discussed who he should receive the prize.
___ 3. It is not certain why the class was cancelled.
___ 4. I will do what does it need to be done.
___ 5. We forgot when did the movie start.
___ 6. I would like to ask if you could come over for dinner this weekend.
___ 7. The children knew which the best game to play.
___ 8. The advisor informed her that needed to add another class.
___ 9. He saw who took the money.
___ 10. It is unclear how the window got broken.



Choose the correct answer!


1. Today, the true story of … at Little Bighorn remains a mystery.
a. happened c. what happened
b. it happened d. what happening


2. For more than a decade, … that sertain species are becoming scare.
a. the warning of bird-watchers c. bird-watchers have warned
b. warn the bird-watchers d. a warning for bird-watchers


3. Early in the eighteenth century, Halley accurately predicted when … of 1682 would return.
a. the comet c. the comet was
b. was the comet d. had the comet


4. No single factor explains why … vary so greatly among individuals.
a. aging affects c. aging has an effect
b. the efects of aging d. the aging effect


5. Lack of clarity about … the party in the coming year will be discussed at the party’s convention.
a. will lead c. they will lead
b. lead d. who will lead


6. We do not … the bow drill was first developed for woodworking or fire making.
a. whether it c. know whether
b. know whether it d. sure whether


7. Minute Man National Historical Park is a monument to where …
a. the beginning of the Revolutionary War
b. in the beginning of the Revolutionary War
c. the Revolutionary War to begin
d. the Revolutionary War began


8. Tests on the colours of cars were conducted at the University of California to determine … the safest colours for cars.
a. which c. If
b. which were d. how were


9. The National Institute of Dental Research estimates … in fluoridated areas have about 25 percent less tooth decay that children everywhere.
a. for school children c. that school children
b. school children’s d. that for school children


10. The procecess of photosynthesis explains how … able to use the energy in sunlight to manufacture foods from the simple chemicals in air and water.
a. green plants c. planting greens
b. green plants are d. with green plants are






Choose the correct answer!


1. Air near the equator … a faster west-to-east motion than air farther from the equator.
a. to have c. Has
b. it has d. Having


2. About 4000 B.C., humans discovered that … obtained from special rocks called ore.
a. metals could be c. possibly metallic
b. the ability of metallic d. could metals be


3. … quickly after an animal dies.
a. In the degradation of DNA c. DNA degrades
b. Degrading DNA d. For DNA to degrade


4. … aerodynamic design has contributed a major part in reducing resistance to motion.
a. Improved c. It improves
b. Improvement d. They improve


5. The southern part of Florida is much warmer in the winter than the northern part, so more … to the south.
a. flocking tourists c. touring flocks
b. flocks of tourists d. tourists flock


6. The Moon’s gravity pulls water on the near side of the Earth toward the Moon, and this is what … tides to occur.
a. the cause c. Causing
b. causes d. the cause of


7. …, they pick up fragments of rocks which become frozen into the base of the ice.
a. Glaciers move c. They were glaciers
b. Glaciers moving d. As glaciers move


8. The tape measure first evolved from … used by the Egyptians.
a. the chains measure c. the chains are measured
b. the chains are measuring d. the measuring chains


9. A typical Atlantic hurricane starts as a low pressure system near …
a. Africa coasts c. coast to Africa
b. the African coasts d. Africa has a coast


10. It is not clear whether the subdivisions of the neocortex … units.
a. individual c. they are individual
b. are individual d. Individually




Skill 9 Adjective Clause Connectors

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. I do not believe the story that he told me.
___ 2. Ms. Brown, whom did you recommend for the job, will start work tomorrow.
___ 3. The lecture notes which lent me were not clearly written.
___ 4. Sally has an appointment with the hairdresser whom you recommended.
___ 5. The phone number that you gave me.
___ 6. She is able to solve all the problems which did she cause.
___ 7. The day that she spent on the beach left her sunburned.
___ 8. Next week I am going to visit my cousins, whom have not seen in several years.
___ 9. Did you forget the promise whom you made?
___ 10. The teacher whom the students like the most is their history teacher.


Skill 10 Adjective Clause Connectors/Subjects

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. The children that were vaccinated did not get sick.
___ 2. I did not vote for the politician who he just won the election.
___ 3. The dog that barking belongs to my neighbors.
___ 4. I took two of the blue pills, which were very effective.
___ 5. We rented an apartment from the landlord who does he own the buildings on Maple Street.
___ 6. She forgot to attend the meeting which it began at 11:00.
___ 7. Any student who does not turn in the paper by Friday will fail the class.
___ 8. The people which came in late had to sit at the back.
___ 9. The courses that satisfy the graduation requirements they are difficult.
___ 10. After dinner she went to visit her parents, who were living down the street.


Skills (9-10)

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. My sisters prefer to eat food that have cooked themselves.
___ 2. The boat that hit the underwater rock sank.
___ 3. The car which he was driving could not possibly be his.
___ 4. The children built a house in the tree that in the back yard.
___ 5. The cost of the trip which we wanted to take.
___ 6. The children are playing with the toys which their mother told them to put away.
___ 7. The guests who were seated around the dinner table.
___ 8. The students have to read all the chapters which are on the test.
___ 9. I really do not like the artists which you like.
___ 10. The stones that they were set in the ring were quite valuable.



Choose the correct answer!


1. Modern humans, who first appeared about 600,000 years ago, … Homo Sapiens.
a. calling c. they called
b. were called d. they were called


2. The first writing … evidence of is on Mesopotamian clay tablet.
a. we c. that we
b. has d. that we have


3. … drought-resistant plants which store water in fleshy tissue.
a. Succulents are c. They are succulents
b. Succulents d. Succulents which are


4. Benjamin Kabelsky, whom … as Jack Benny, was a famous comedian in vaudeville and on radio and television.
a. most people’s knowledge c. knowing most people
b. most people know d. the knowledge of most people


5. … that hunted other animals tended to have very narrow, sharp, curved claws.
a. For dinosaurs c. Dinosaurs
b. Dinosaurs are known d. Like dinosaurs


6. The first eyeglasses had convex lenses for the aged who … far-sighted.
a. had become c. Becoming
b. they had become d. it became


7. Chimney Rock, … 500 feet above the North Platte River, has eroded considerably in the last two centuries.
a. stands c. it stands
b. is standing d. which stands


8. … that accompany recurring bouts of severe depression reduce bone density.
a. It changes hormones c. The hormones change
b. Hormonal changes d. The change in hormones is


9. Willa Cather is an author … for her evocative and memorable vision of frontier praire life.
a. whom readers c. whom praisings
b. the praise of readers d. whom readers praise


10. Mars’s tiny moon Phobos is a small mountain of rock that … from the asteroid belt by Mars’s gravitational pull.
a. was probably captured c. the probable capture
b. it probably d. probably the capture





Choose the correct answer!


1. … is famous as the home of the United States Naval Academy.
a. Annapolis c. Why Annapolis
b. Because of Annapolis d. Because Annapolis


2. Some scientists think … be a planet but a moon of Neptune.
a. that Pluto does not seem c. Pluto that might not
b. not Pluto d. that Pluto might not


3. With … of sophisticated oilm lamps, elaborate tools were made to cut the wicks.
a. appeared c. the appearance was
b. the appearance d. it appeared


4. Fort Union was the site of what … principal fur-trading post on the upper Missouri River.
a. the c. was the
b. being the d. it was the


5. Since … commercial risk, it has to appeal to a large audience to justify its cost.
a. the face of the movie c. a movie faces
b. moving face d. to face a movie


6. A current of water known as the Gulf Stream comes up from the Gulf of Mexico, and then … the North Atlantic toward Europe.
a. it crosses c. with its crosses
b. crossing d. crosses it


7. System … the two symbols 0 and 1 are called binary number system.
a. use c. Uses
b. they use d. Using


8. Genes, … the blueprints for cell construction, exist in tightly organised packages called chromosomes.
a. are c. Which
b. they are d. which are


9. The Earth’s atmosphere consists of gases … in place around the Earth by the gravitational pull of the planet.
a. held c. it holds
b. hold d. the hold


10. Oscar Hammerstein II collaborated with a number of composers including Jerome Kern, whom … in writing the musical Show Boat.
a. joined c. he joined
b. was joined d. Joining





Skill 11 Agreement after Prepositional Phrases

Write C in front of the sentence if the sentence is CORRECT and I if INCORRECT!


___ 1. The subject of the lectures was quite interesting.
___ 2. The supplies for the camping trip needs to be packed.
___ 3. The chairs under the table in the dining room is quite comfortable.
___ 4. The players on the winning team in the competition put forth a lot of effort.
___ 5. The food for the guests at the party are on the long table.
___ 6. The cost of the clothes was higher than I had expected.
___ 7. The rugs in the front rooms of the house are going to be washed today.
___ 8. The waiters and waitresses in this restaurant always serves the food efficiently.
___ 9. The lights in the corner of the room need to be kept on all night.





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