(Semester1-B.Inggris)-Reading Skills 2017

21 min read



Skill 1



Passage 1 (Questions 1~2)





Most of the ice on the Earth, close to 90 percent of it, is covering the surface of the continent Antarctica. It does not snow very much in Antarctica, but whatever snow does fall remains and grows deeper and deeper. In some areas of Antarctica, the ice has perhaps been around for as much as a million years and now is more than two miles deep.


1. The main idea of the passage is that …
a. the Earth is a cold planet
b. most of the Earth’s ice is found in Antarctica
c. it snows more in Antarctica than in any other place oil Earth
d. Antarctica is only two miles wide but is 90 percent ice
2. The best title for the passage is …
a. Snowfall in Antarctica c. The Cold, Cold Snow
b. The Icy Earth d. The Causes of Antarctica’s Ice Pack


Passage 2 (Questions 3~4)








The extremely hot and humid weather that occurs in the United States in July and August is commonly called the “dog days” of summer. This name comes from the star Sirius, which is known as the Dog Star. Sirius is the brightest visible star, and in the hot summer months it rises in the east at approximately the same time as the Sun. As ancient people saw this star rising with the Sun when the weather was at its hottest, they believed that Sirius was the cause of the additional heat; they believed that this bright star added its heat to the heat of the Sun, and these two together made summer weather so unbearably hot.


3. The topic of the passage is …
a. how dogs like to play during the summer
b. the causes of hot and humid weather
c. why the hot summer days are known as “the dog days”
d. the days that dogs prefer
4. The main idea of this passage is that …
a. the names for the summer days came from Sirius, the Dog Star
b. dogs generally prefer hot summer days
c. the hottest days occur because of the movements of the Sun and stars
d. Sirius rises at almost at the same time as the Sun during the summer months


Passage 3 (Questions 5~6)












The term “primitive art” has been used in a variety of ways to describe works and styles of arts. One way that this term has been used is to describe the early period within the development of a certain style of art. Another way that this term has been used is to describe artists who have received a little professional training and who demonstrate a nontraditional naiveté in their work

A wonderful example of this second type of primitive artist is Grandma Moses, who spent all her life living on a farm and working at tasks normally associated with farm life. She did not begin painting until she reached the age of seventy-six, when she switched to painting from embroidery because the arthritis in her hands made embroidery too difficult. Totally without formal education in art, she began creating panoramic images of everyday life on the farm that have achieved international fame.


5. The subject of this passage it …
a. an example of one of the types of primitive art
b. Grandma Moses’s life on the farm
c. how primitive art differs from formal art
d. Grandma Moses’s primitive life-style
6. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?
a. Grandma Moses spent her life on a farm
b. Art critics cannot come to any agreement on a definition for primitive art
c. Grandma Moses is one type of primitive artist because of her lack of formal training
d. Many artists receive little professional training


Passage 4 (Questions 7~8)












In the first half of the nineteenth century, a New York newspaper, the New York Sun, successfully carried out a hoax on the American public. Because of this trick, readership of the newspaper rose substantially.

On August 25, 1835, the Sun published reports that some wonderful new discoveries had been made on the moon. The article described strange, never-before-seen animals and temples covered in shining jewels. Many members of the American public were fooled by the story, even some prominent members of the scientific community.

The effect of the false story on the sales of the paper was dramatic. Paper sales increased considerably as people eagerly searched out details of the new discoveries. Later, the newspaper company announced that it had not been trying to trick the public; instead, the company explained the moon stories as a type of literary satire.


7. Which of the following best states the topic of the passage?
a. A nineteenth-century discovery on the moon
b. The New York Sun
c. A hoax and its effect
d. The success of a newspaper
8. The main point of the passage is that …
a. the New York Sun was one of the earliest American Newspapers
b. the Sun increased sales when it tricked the public with a false story
c. a newspaper achieved success by writing about the moon
d. in 1835 some amazing new discoveries were made about the moon


Skill 2



Passage 1 (Questions 1~2)






Many parts of the Southwestern United States would become deserts again without the waters of the Colorado River. A system of thousands of miles of canals, hundreds of miles of tunnels and aqueducts, and numerous dams and reservoirs bring Colorado River water to the area. The Imperial Valley in Southern California is an example of such a place; it is a vast and productive agricultural area that was once a desert. Today, 2,000 miles of canals irrigate the fertile land and keep it productive.


1. Which of the following is mentioned in the passage as a way that Colorado River water gets to the Southwest?
a. By truck b. In bottles c. In wells d. Through canals
2. According to the passage, the Imperial Valley …
a. is a desert today
b. is located in Colorado
c. produces a lot of agricultural goods
d. does not require irrigation


Passage 2 (Questions 3~5)






The ancestors of humans had a lot more hair than the humans of today; in fact, they had thick hair all over their bodies. This thick hair was necessary for protection against the cold of the Ice Ages.

As the Earth got warmer, the hair began to thin out, except for on the head. The head hair has remained through the evolutionary process, both as a sort of pillow to cushion the sensitive head when it gets banged around and as a sort of hat to keep the head warm and prevent so much heat from escaping through the scalp.


1. Which of the following is true about the hair of the ancestors of humans?
a. There was not much of it.
b. It covered their entire bodies.
c. It was thin.
d. It was not useful
2. The author indicates that one of the purposes of hair on the head is to …
a. Fill up pillows
b. Help heat escapes through the scalp
c. Ensure that the head is warm
d. Make it easier to think



3. According to the passage, what happened as the temperature on the Earth increased?
a. The hair on the head began to thin out.
b. The hair on the body remained the same.
c. The hair on the body got thicker.
d. The hair on the body began to thin out.


Passage 3 (Questions 6~10)











 The plane with the largest wingspan ever built was nicknamed the Spruce Goose. The wingspan of the Spruce Goose was 320 feet (almost 100 meters), and the plane weighed 200 tons. It was so big that it needed eight engines to power it.

The plane was designed by Howard Hughes in response to a U.S. government request for a plane that was able to carry a large cargo for the war effort. It was made of wood because wood is less critical material in wartime than metal.

The plane was so difficult to build that it never really got used. It was flown one time only, by Hughes himself, on November 2, 1947; during that flight it traveled a distance of less than one mile over the Los Angeles Harbor, but it did fly. Today, the Spruce Goose is on exhibit for the public to see in Long Beach, California.


6. Which of the following is TRUE about the Spruce Goose?
a. Each of the wings measures 100 meters
b. It weighs 200 pounds
c. It has eight wings to help it to fly
d. It has a wingspan larger than the wingspan of any other plane


7. The passage indicates that the plane was designed …
a. as a cargo plane c. to carry wood
b. as a racing plane d. for exhibition
8. According to the passage, the Spruce Goose is constructed from …
a. Wood c. plastic
b. lightweight metal d. steel
9. According to the passage, when the Spruce Goose flew, …
a. it went on a short distance c. it flew 100 miles
b. it fell into the Los Angeles Harbor d. it carried a large cargo
10. The passage indicates that the Spruce Goose today …
a. flies regularly for the U.S. government c. is in storage
b. is in the Los Angeles Harbor d. can be seen by the public






Passage 1 (Questions 1~3)






The center part of a hurricane is called the eye of the storm. In the eye of a hurricane, winds are calm and no rain falls. There can even be blue sky and sunshine in the eye of the storm.          This dry and calm spot is caused as the air spins around the center of the hurricane. The spinning air rises and pulls moisture with it. What remains in the center is dry, clear air.


1. The topic of the passage is …
a. the destruction of hurricanes.
b. the harsh weather during a hurricane.
c. the calm in the center of a hurricane.
d. the beautiful weather that follows a hurricane.
2. The passage indicates that in the eye of a hurricane …
a. it is windy. c. there is cloudy, gray sky.
b. there is a lot of rain. d. it can be sunny.
3. According to the passage, what causes the calm spot?
a. The air circling around the center. c. The high temperature.
b. The blue sky and sunshine. d. The heavy rainfall.



Passage 2 (Questions 4~8)











The invention of the phonograph happened quite by accident. Thomas Edison   moved to Menlo Park, New Jersey, in 1876, where he established an industrial research laboratory. There, Edison was working on a carbon telephone transmitter to improve the existing Bell telephone system

In that laboratory a year later, Edison invented the phonograph while he was trying to improve a telegraph repeater. He attached a telephone diaphragm to the needle in the telegraph repeater; in this way, he was able to reproduce a recording that could be played back. After he made some improvements to the machine, he tested it. He recited “Mary Had a Little Lamb” into the machine and played his voice back to a very surprised audience.


4. What is the best title for the passage?
a. Thomas Edison’s Many Inventions
b. Improvements in the Telephone and Telegraph
c. The History of Menlo Park
d. An Accidental Invention
5. According to the passage, the invention of the phonograph …
a. was quite unplanned c. was surprising to no one
b. was Edison’s principal project d. took many years
6. In what year did the invention of the phonograph occur?
a. 1876 c. 1878
b. 1877 d. The article does not say
7. According to the passage, how was the phonograph made?
a. With a telephone needle and a recorder
b. From a recording of a telegraph
c. With only a telegraph repeater
d. From a combination of telephone and telegraph parts
8. According to the passage, how did Edison test his new invention?
a. He made improvements to the machine
b. He used carbon transmitter
c. He read a children’s rhyme
d. He reproduced the audience’s voice


Passage 3 (Questions 9~14)











The Sears and Roebuck catalogue was a fixture in American society for many decades. Practically anything needed in the American home could be ordered through this comprehensive catalogue and delivered by mail. The catalogue made it easier for homeowners in urban areas to track down items they were trying to find; the catalogue was an absolute necessity for residents in out-of-the-way areas where many types of home supplies were not available for hundreds of miles.

In the early twentieth century, it was not just possible to buy home supplies from the Sears and Roebuck catalogue. It was actually possible to buy a mail-order house. If you ordered a house through the mail, you would receive all the necessary building materials as well as plans for constructing the house; all of this could be had for prices starting around $600.



9. This passage mainly discusses …
a. products sold in the Sears and Roebuck stores
b. the design of the Sears and Roebuck catalogues
c. how to shop using catalogues
d. shopping through the Sears and Roebuck catalogue in the past
10. The passage indicates that items ordered through the Sears and Roebuck catalogue …
a. had to be picked up at a Sears and Roebuck store
b. were delivered by mail
c. arrived in Sears and Roebuck trucks
d. had to be small
11. According to the passage, why was the Sears and Roebuck catalogue important to people in remote areas?
a. It contained only the products they could afford.
b. They did not like the products in local stores.
c. It has a lot of products they could not get in their local areas.
d. It was the only way to get a new home.



12. The passage mentions that which of the following large items could be purchased through the Sears and Roebuck catalogue?
a. A home b. A car c. A boat d. A train
13. The mail-order house in the Sears and Roebuck catalogue …
a. was for urban areas only
b. was set up by Sears and Roebuck workers
c. needed to be put together
d. arrived in one piece
14. The price of $600 mentioned in the passage was …
a. the lowest price for the item c. the only price for the item
b. the average price for the item d. the highest price for the item



Skill 3



Passage 1 (Questions 1~2)








Blood pressure measurement has two components: systolic and diastolic. Systolic pressure is taken when the heart is contracting to pump blood; diastolic pressure is taken when the heart is resting between beats. In the usual blood pressure reading, the systolic measurement is given first and is the higher of the two.

Normal blood pressure is a systolic measurement of 140, and when the systolic pressure is 160 or higher, then hypertension exists. Systolic pressure between 140 and 160 indicates borderline hypertension.


1. Which of the following is NOT true about systolic blood pressure?
a. It is taken during the contraction of the heart.
b. It is usually given first in a blood pressure reading.
c. A normal systolic measurement is 140.
d. Hypertension exists when the systolic measurement is below 140.
2. Which of the following is NOT stated about diastolic blood pressure?
a. It is one of the components of blood pressure measurement.
b. It is taken when the heart is resting.
c. It is lower than systolic pressure.
d. A diastolic measurement of 140 is normal.


Passage 2 (Questions 3~4)








In the 1960’s, as space travel was becoming a subject of much discussion, Pan American Airlines began receiving some fairly unusual requests for flight information. People began making requests to be on the first flight that Pan Am made to the Moon.

On a whim, Pan Am started a waiting list for the first flight to the Moon. Similar requests have come to Pan Am over the years, and Pan Am has responded by adding the names of the requesters to the list.

Unfortunately for Pan Am, the company is no longer in business, and it never got to the Moon. However, when it went out of business, it had a waiting list of more than 90,000 names for its first lunar flight.



1. All of the following are mentioned about Pan Am, EXCEPT that …
a. it started business in the 1960’s.
b. it received requests for its first flight to the Moon.
c. it kept some people on a long waiting list.
d. it went out of business.
2. Which of the following is NOT true about Pan Am’s Moon’s flight?
a. People asked Pan Am about its flights to the Moon.
b. Pan Am kept a waiting list for its Moon’s flights.
c. Pan Am never really made any Moon flights.
d. Pan Am’s waiting list had only a few names on it.


Passage 3 (Questions 5~8)

















The tunnel trees in Yosemite Valley are an amazing attraction to people who visit there. The tunnel trees are huge trees, giant redwoods, which have had tunnels carved in them, and cars can actually drive through some of the trees. The fact that the trees are large enough to have cars drive through them should give you some indication of just how big the trees are.

There are currently two existing tunnel trees in Yosemite Valley. One of them is  called the ‘Dead Giant’. This is just the stump, or bottom part, of a much larger tree. The hole was cut through the base of the tree in 1878, and stagecoaches used to drive through it. Today the Dead Giant still exists, but the stagecoaches do not. Passenger cars can and do drive through the 10-foot-wide opening in the tree stump.

The other existing tunnel tree is the 230-foot high California Tree, which had a hole carved through it in 1895. This tree is no longer open to the public, so it is not possible to take a car through it.

Unfortunately, a third tunnel tree no longer exists. The Wawona Tunnel Tree was a 2,100-year-old tree which was carved in 1881. A terrible snowstorm in 1969 caused this ancient giant tree to fall.



5. Which of the following is NOT true about the tunnel trees in Yosemite Valley?
a. They are trees with holes cut in them. c.


Three tunnel trees currently exist.
b. They are giant redwoods. d. Cars have driven through some of them
6. All of the following are stated about the Dead Giant, EXCEPT that …
a. it is still a tunnel tree today. c. it was cut less than a century ago.
b. it is just the stump of the tree. d. it has a 10-foot opening.
7. Which of the following is NOT true about the California Tree?
a. Its tunnel still exists. c. Its tunnel was cut in 1895.
b. Its tunnel is 230 feet high. d. Cars are not allowed to go through it.
8. All of the following are true about the Wawona Tunnel Tree, EXCEPT that …
a. it does not exist anymore.
b. the tree lived for more than 2,000 years.
c. the tunnel tree was destroyed in a snowstorm.
d. the tunnel was destroyed in 1881.



Review Exercise (Skills 1-3)


Passage 1 (Questions 1~4)








 When the typewriter was first invented, its keys were arranged alphabetically. This made the keys easy to find. However, this arrangement also caused the bars of the machine to jam, or get stuck.

To solve this problem, a new letter arrangement was introduced by Christopher Latham Scholes in 1872. His system, the standard keyboard system, is still used on typewriters today. He arranged the letters in such a way that the bars hit the inked ribbon from opposite directions as much as possible. This resulted in far less jamming than had occurred with the alphabetical model.


1. The main topic of this passage is …
a. the invention of the typewriter.
b. a problem and solution concerning the early typewriter.
c. how to write a letter on the typewriter.
d. why the keys stick on today’s typewriter.
2. According to the passage, on the first typewriters …
a. the keys were in alphabetical order. c. the bars on the machine never jammed.
b. the keys were hard to find. d. Scholes’s system worked quite well.
3. Which of the following is NOT true about the system invented by Scholes?
a. It was introduced in 1872. c. It became the standard system.
b. It is still used today. d. It was alphabetical.
4. The passage indicates that under Scholes’s system, the bars hit the ribbon …
a. in alphabetical order.
b. from opposite direction.
c. and caused the keys to jam.
d. in the same way as they had on the original typewriter.


Passage 2 (Questions 5~9)








Desert tundra, or cold desert, occurs on the Arctic edges of North America, Europe, and Asia. In these areas, the temperatures are almost always freezing, and they caused an environment in which plant life is virtually impossible. The existence of ice rather than water for the majority of the year means that vegetation does not have enough moisture for growth to take place. During the short period of time when the temperature increases enough for the ice to melt, there is generally a large volume of water. Too much water and not enough drainage through the frozen subsoil make it difficult for plants to grow


5. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
a. Where Desert Tundra is Found
b. The Weather in the Arctic
c. The Effect of Desert Tundra on Plant Life
d. The Variety of Plant Life in Desert Tundra
6. According to the passage, desert tundra is found …
a. throughout North America, Europe, and Asia.
b. in Antarctica.
c. on the Arctic borders of the northern continents.
d. at the North Pole.
7. According to the passage, what makes plant life almost impossible in areas of desert tundra during most of the year?
a. Excessive water on the plants c. The increase in temperature
b. The frozen state of water d. The lack of ice
8. Which of the following does NOT happen when the weather heats up?
a. Plants grow well. c. There is not enough drainage.
b. The ice melts. d. There is too much water.
9. According to the passage, why is it impossible for the water to drain after it melts?
a. The land beneath the surface is still frozen. c. The period of time is too short.
b. The temperature is too high. d. The vegetation is flourishing.



Passage 3 (Questions 10~14)












Whales are mammals rather than fish, yet they live in the world’s oceans rather than on land. Because of the fact that they are mammals, scientists believed for quite           some time that whales are descendants of land animals.

Come interesting evidence to support this theory has recently been found. In Egypt, fossils have been found of a forty-million-year-old whale leg, kneecap, ankle, footbones, and toes. It appears from the fossil evidence that the bones were not very strong and not very large in comparison to the size of the whale.

Based on this fossil evidence, the following evolutionary path has been hypothesised. As the whale began its evolution toward the water, its legs weakened and decreased in size. Then, during its millions of years in the water, the legs slowly disappeared, leaving only the front flippers today.


10. The main idea of this passage is that …
a. numerous whale fossils have been found in the world’s oceans.
b. there is evidence that whales may have descended from land mammals.
c. whales are mammals and not fish.
d. whales have not evolved very much over the last millions of years.
11. All of the following are true about whales, EXCEPT that …
a. they are mammals. c. they are fish.
b. they live in the ocean. d. they may have come from the land.
12. Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the whale fossils in the passage?
a. They were found in Egypt.
b. They support the theory that whales came from land.
c. They are forty million years old.
d. They showed that ancient whales had flippers.
13. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the list of whale fossils found in Egypt?
a. A whale’s kneecap. c. A whale’s footbones.
b. A whale’s ankle. d. A whale’s fingers.
14. According to the hypothesis in the passage, what happened to whales’ legs?
a. They got stronger over time. c. They disappeared quickly.
b. They got larger over time. d. They became front flippers.


Skill 4




Passage 1 (Questions 1~3)








The Sears Tower is the tallest building in the world, with more than a hundred stories. It is located in Chicago, whose nickname is the Windy City. The combination of a very tall building in a city with such weather conditions leads to a lot of swaying in the breeze.

On a windy day, the top of the building can move back and forth as much as three  feet every few seconds. The inside doors at the top of the building open and close, and water in the sink sloshes back and forth.


1. The Empire States Building in New York is probably …
a. as tall as the Sears Tower. c. taller than the Sears Tower.
b. shorter than the Sears Tower. d. the highest building in the United States
2. It can be inferred from the passage that Chicago …
a. has a moderate weather. c. has humid weather.
b. is generally warm. d. usually has a lot of wind.
3. It is implied in the passage that the upper-level doors in the Sears Tower open and close because …
a. the building was poorly constructed. c. the building moves in the wind.
b. people go in and out so often. d. there is water in the sink.


Passage 2 (Questions 4~6)






The most common last name in the English speaking world is Smith, which was taken from the job of working with metals. A silversmith, for example, is someone who works with the metal silver. Historical records indicate that the use of this last name is at least 700 years old. Today, there are more than 3.3 million Smiths living in the United States and perhaps another million Smiths living in other English speaking countries worldwide.


1. It can be inferred from the passage that family names …
a. were always taken from the area where a family lived.
b. were short names.
c. had little or no meaning.
d. could be taken from jobs.
2. Which of the following is implied about the Smith family name?
a. It is definitely not more than 700 years old. c. It did not exist 500 years ago.
b. It existed 600 years ago. d. It definitely was not in use 1,000 years ago.
3. In England, there are probably …
a. more Smiths than there are in the US. c. fewer than a million Smiths,
b. more than a million Smiths. d. no families with the name of Smith.


Passage 3 (Questions 7~9)











On the hardness scale, corundum immediately follows diamond, which is the hardest mineral in the world. Corundum is perhaps better known by the names of its gemstones, ruby and sapphire. Basically, gem corundum is divided into two groups: corundum that is red in color is called ruby, and corundum that is any other color is called sapphire.

Pure corundum is clear, but pure corundum is rarely found in nature. If small amounts of the chemical substance chromic oxide (Cr2O3) got into the crystal structure when it formed millions of years ago, then the corundum turned a deep, rich red and became ruby.

Red is not the only color that corundum can take on. Other chemical substances  enter into the crystal structure of corundum, and it can take a variety of other colors.  Most people associate blue with sapphires, and certainly when corundum contains impurities that turns it blue, it is called sapphire. However, corundum can have a variety of other colors – e.g. green or purple – and still be called sapphire.



1. It can be inferred from the passage that corundum is …
a. the hardest mineral in the world. c. the second hardest mineral.
b. not as hard as sapphire. d. a rather soft mineral.



2. Chromic oxide is probably what color?
a. Clear. b. Blue. c. Red. d. Green.
3. Yellow corundum is most likely called …
a. gold. b. chromic oxide. c. ruby. d. sapphire.


Review Exercise (Skills 1-4)


Passage 1 (Questions 1~5)









Before ballpoint pens or fountain pens, pens were made from goose feathers. These goose feathers, called quills, were sharpened and dipped into inkwells, where they absorbed enough ink to write a few words. It was necessary to keep an inkwell very close by, as frequent dipping was necessary.

These quill pens were one of the earliest products “designed” specifically for left- and right-handed people. Feathers from the left wing of the goose worked best for the right-handers because of the way the feathers arched. Feathers from the right wing were preferred by left-handers.


1. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
a. Early Ballpoint and Fountain Pens c. Where Quill Pens Came From
b. Quill Pens for Lefties and Righties d. Various Uses of Goose Feathers
2. According to the passage, a quill pen came from …
a. a tree b. a bird c. a piece of metal d. a fountain pen


3. The passage indicates that a quill pen could hold enough ink to write …
a. one or two pages c. a couple of words
b. for about one hour d. numerous sentences
4. Which of the following is NOT true about quill pens, according to the passage?
a. Left-handers were unable to use quill pens
b. Left-handers people generally preferred quill from the right wing
c. Right-handers could use quill pens
d. Right-handed people generally preferred quill pens from the left wing
5. It can be inferred from the passage that quill pens …
a. are still used regularly today c. are the best pens for left-handers
b. are preferred over ballpoint pens d. are no longer used much



Passage 2 (Questions 6~10)









The English names of the last months of the Gregorian calendar (September, October, November, December) have rather interesting stories. The Gregorian calendar is a twelve-month calendar, so these months are the ninth, tenth, eleventh, and twelfth months respectively. However their names do not reflect their positioning in the calendar. The name September comes from Latin word septum, which means seven. This month was originally the name of the seventh month rather than the ninth month. Similarly, the name October comes from the Latin octo (eight); the name November comes from the Latin novem (nine); and the name December comes from the Latin decem (ten).


6. The main topic of this passage is …
a. The origin of certain month names. c. The numbers in Latin.
b. The Gregorian calendar. d. Ten- and twelve-month calendars.
7. The first month of the Gregorian calendar is probably …
a. March b. May c. January d. December
8. The passage states that in the original version of the calendar, September was the name of …
a. the sixth month c. the eighth month
b. the seventh month d. the ninth month
9. It can be inferred from the passage that November …
a. used to be the ninth month of the year.
b. is no longer part of the Gregorian calendar.
c. has always been the eleventh month.
d. was not part of the original Gregorian calendar.
10. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage about December?
a. It is the twelfth month on the Gregorian calendar.
b. Its name is derived from a Latin word.
c. Its meaning comes from the number ten.
d. It has thirty-one days.





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